Effects of Brain Injury On Human Functioning
The brain is perhaps the most important organ in the human body. This is why it is located at the top portion of our head. The brain is the control center of all human activities such as thinking, judgment, and emotional reactions. For this reason, brain injuries can have a huge impact on the life of an individual. Such injuries will usually require intensive and long term care.
In general, the effect of a brain injury is partially dependent on its location. The more areas that are affected, the more severe the injury will be. Traumatic brain injuries for instance usually affect multiple areas of the brain. Let us now take a look at how brain injuries can affect functioning.
People who suffer from traumatic brain injury can regain their ability to walk and use their hands within 6 – 12 months after injury. In most instances, the individual can resume work and drive their cars. However, long term physical effects of TBI may include reduced coordination, weakness, and problems with balance. They may not be able to engage in sports as well as before they had the injury. Likewise, they may easily get tired.
Moderate to severe brain injury may result to basic cognitive problems such as concentration, paying attention, remembering new information and events. Likewise, they may think slowly, speak slowly, and solve problems slowly. They may experience difficulty finishing tasks and may be unable to switch from one task to another.
Brain injuries can bring about disturbing new behaviors or changes in the personality of a person. It can make the individual restless, dependent on other people, unmotivated, irritable, lethargic, and show mood swings.
Brain injury can bring about language impairment or aphasia. They may experience difficulty understanding language and expressing their thoughts through language. The injury may also cause speech difficulties on the part of the individual.