What You Need to Know About Traumatic Brain Injuries

A traumatic brain injury can have very serious effects on the human body. Considering that the brain plays an important role in regulating particular bodily functions, any type of external force to the head can cause significant damage and be considered a great cause for alarm.

The severity of a traumatic brain injury will depend on the amount of force that disrupts the brain. Any type of violent jolt or blow to the head could lead to significant dysfunction in the affected area of the brain. Sometimes, these dysfunctions are only temporary. However, more severe injuries could lead to permanent damage resulting in long-term complications or even death.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are about 1.4 million cases of traumatic brain injuries in the country every year. Minor injuries can result in bleeding, bruising, and torn tissues that could lead to short-term symptoms such as headaches, loss of consciousness, disorientation, and sensory problems. In more severe cases, a traumatic brain injury can lead to a patient experiencing permanent disability or falling into a coma.

Traumatic brain injuries usually result from the following situations: vehicular accidents, slipping or falling, physical assault, blasts or explosions, and any other incident that might cause a strong force to head.

Following an accident, patients might not be able to observe obvious and immediate signs of their injury. They might even walk away from an accident feeling fine. Even then, it’s important that patients at risk of a traumatic brain injury receive medical attention right away.

Anyone who has been in an accident that may have caused a strong blow to the head should be on the lookout for any evidence of significant injury. According the Mayo Clinic, traumatic brain injuries can lead to the following signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling dazed, disoriented, or confused
  • Losing consciousness for any amount of time
  • Headaches, nausea, or vomiting
  • Feeling fatigued, drowsy, or dizzy
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Problems with vision, hearing, smelling, and tasting+
  • Dilation of one or both pupils
  • Clear fluid draining from nose or ears
  • Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes
  • Convulsions or seizures
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Who is at Risk for Asbestos Exposure?

Before the late 1970’s, asbestos was used in many building and other products, such as fireproof vests and a number of other consumer materials. It was praised for its heat resistant, strength and insulating properties. Unfortunately, it was proven that asbestos is highly toxic and the cause of the diseases asbestosis and mesothelioma cancer.

Some professions are more prone and at risk of asbestos exposure. These include miners, electricians, railroad workers, shipyard workers, and a number of other professions. Even military veterans are at risk as asbestos was used in drywall and building materials, mandated for use in every branch by the US government. Asbestos fibers were also used in ship building materials, putting those in the navy at risk as well.

Those at most risk are those who were exposed to a large amount of asbestos fibers over a long period of time. The type of asbestos fibers you were exposed to can also effect your risk as some fibers are known to cause mesothelioma more than others. Some personal factors can also increase your chances of developing an asbestos related disease, such as smoking and if you hold a preexisting lung condition.

One of the more terrifying developments in determining who is at risk is that family members of workers exposed to asbestos may also find themselves with a life-threatening disease. When workers would come home with asbestos fibers still on their clothes or skin, family members may have breathed in the asbestos fibers without knowing it.

In general, people are at less of a risk of asbestos exposure than in the past as the use of asbestos materials has been banned in the United States. However, when buildings previously made with asbestos building materials are destroyed, the asbestos fibers can be released into the air. View more about asbestos related dangers.

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Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy

Mastectomy is one of the reasons why many women are seeking to have breast reconstruction. Mastectomy is the surgical procedure which removes the breast, often as a prevention or treatment of cancer. There are surgical breakthroughs in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer has provided a variety of options for women to deal with mastectomy, and those who have had their breast removed are given the option to have breast reconstruction.

Breast reconstruction surgery is often performed to women who had mastectomy and would wish to have their breasts rebuilt. This type of cosmetic surgery can be performed either immediately or after the mastectomy has healed. Breast implants used in breast reconstruction surgeries can be from implants (such as saline or silicone) or autologous tissues that can be taken from any part of the patient’s body. There are many complications that can arise from both options: hematoma, infection, necrosis, blood clots, and many others. Because of these risks, it is always considered to consult with Des Moines breast reconstruction experts to determine the best course of action and minimize the risks.

As with any type of surgery, follow-up care and rehabilitation is necessary in order to have full recovery, avoid complications, and have a complete return to normal life. Women who have undergone breast reconstruction surgery are closely monitored and checked by their physicians for complications. These complications can take months or even years to develop or show, which is why women after their reconstructive surgery are advised to have regular check-ups. Rehabilitation is necessary for those who have autologous tissue reconstruction to help prevent weakness in the donor site. It is important to undergo these processes in order to gain back strength and to help adjust for the physical limitations that the surgery have caused. Doctors and physical therapists can also provide ways on how to safety perform daily activities.

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